There are currently 90 States Parties to the OPCAT, of which 74 States have designated their NPM

Africa

Africa

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Burkina FasoJulho 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Cape VerdeAbril 1, 2016

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

MadagascarSetembro 21, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

MaliMaio 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

MauritiusJunho 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

MozambiqueJulho 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

NigeriaJulho 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

New Specialised Institution

RwandaJunho 30, 2015

National Human Rights Commission

SenegalOutubro 18, 2006

New Specialised Institution

South AfricaJunho 20, 2019

The South African Human Rights Commission to be joined, eventually, by other institutions following legislative reform.

Multiple institutions

TogoJulho 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Americas

Americas

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
ArgentinaNovembro 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.

National Preventive System in Federal State

BoliviaMaio 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

BrazilJaneiro 12, 2007

National Preventive System in Federal State

ChileDezembro 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Costa RicaDezembro 1, 2005

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office(Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Ombuds Institution

EcuadorJulho 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

GuatemalaJunho 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

New Specialised Institution

HondurasMaio 23, 2006

New Specialised Institution

MexicoAbril 11, 2005

Ombuds Institution

NicaraguaFevereiro 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Ombuds Institution

PanamaJunho 2, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Ombuds Institution

ParaguayDezembro 2, 2005

New Specialised Institution

PeruSetembro 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

UruguayDezembro 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

National Human Rights Commission

Asia Pacific

Asia Pacific

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
AustraliaDezembro 21, 2017

Commonwealth Ombudsman, with state and territory NPMs still to be designated.

Multiple Institutions

CambodiaMarço 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee

Other: Inter-governmental Body

MaldivesFevereiro 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

New ZealandMarço 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

Multiple Institutions

Sri LankaDezembro 5, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

Europe

Europe

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
AlbaniaOutubro 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Ombuds Institution

ArmeniaSetembro 14, 2006

Ombuds Institution

AustriaDezembro 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Ombuds Institution

AzerbaijanJaneiro 28, 2009

Ombuds Institution

BulgariaJunho 1, 2011

Ombuds Institution

CroatiaAbril 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Ombuds Institution

CyprusAbril 29, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Czech RepublicJulho 10, 2006

Ombuds Institution

DenmarkJunho 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Ombuds Plus Institution

EstoniaDezembro 18, 2006

Ombuds Institution

FinlandOutubro 8, 2014

Ombuds Institution

FranceNovembro 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

New Specialised Institution

GeorgiaAgosto 9, 2005

Ombuds Institution

GermanyDezembro 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

New Specialised Institution

GreeceFevereiro 11, 2014

Ombuds Institution

HungaryJaneiro 12, 2012

Ombuds Institution

IcelandFevereiro 20, 2019

Ombuds Institution

ItalyAbril 3, 2013

New Specialised Institution

KazakhstanOutubro 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Ombuds Plus Institution

KyrgyzstanDezembro 29, 2008

New Specialised Institution

LiechtensteinNovembro 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

New Specialised Institution

LithuaniaJaneiro 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Ombuds Institution

LuxembourgMaio 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Ombuds Institution

MaltaSetembro 24, 2003

Multiple Institutions

MoldovaJulho 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Ombuds Plus Institution

MontenegroMarço 6, 2009

Ombuds Institution

NetherlandsSetembro 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

Multiple Institutions

North MacedoniaFevereiro 13, 2009

Ombuds Institution

NorwayJunho 27, 2013

Ombuds Institution

PolandSetembro 14, 2005

Ombuds Institution

PortugalJaneiro 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Ombuds Institution

RomaniaJulho 2, 2009

Ombuds Institution

SerbiaSetembro 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Ombuds Plus Institution

SloveniaJaneiro 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Ombuds Plus Institution

SpainAbril 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

SwedenSetembro 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Ombuds Institution

SwitzerlandSetembro 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

New Specialised Institution

TurkeySetembro 27, 2011

National Human Rights Commission

UkraineSetembro 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors.

Ombuds Plus Institution

United KingdomDezembro 10, 2003

21 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

Multiple Institutions

Middle East & North Africa

Middle East & North Africa

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
LebanonDezembro 22, 2008

National Commission for Human Rights

National Human Rights Commission

MauritaniaOutubro 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

New Specialised Institution

MoroccoNovembro 24, 2014

National Human Rights Council (Conseil national des droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

TunisiaJunho 29, 2011

New Specialised Institution