Global Status of ratifications, signatures and NPM designations Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture

90 States Parties, of which 71 have designated their NPM

12 States Signatories

Africa

Afrique

PaysDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Burkina Fasojuillet 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Cape Verdeavril 1, 2016

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

Madagascarseptembre 21, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

Malimai 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Mauritiusjuin 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

Mozambiquejuillet 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Nigeriajuillet 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

New Specialised Institution

Rwandajuin 30, 2015

National Human Rights Commission

Senegaloctobre 18, 2006

New Specialised Institution

South Africajuin 20, 2019

The South African Human Rights Commission to be joined, eventually, by other institutions following legislative reform.

Multiple institutions

Togojuillet 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Americas

Amériques

PaysDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Argentinanovembre 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.

National Preventive System in Federal State

Boliviamai 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Braziljanvier 12, 2007

National Preventive System in Federal State

Chiledécembre 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Costa Ricadécembre 1, 2005

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office(Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Ombuds Institution

Ecuadorjuillet 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Guatemalajuin 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

New Specialised Institution

Hondurasmai 23, 2006

New Specialised Institution

Mexicoavril 11, 2005

Ombuds Institution

Nicaraguafévrier 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Ombuds Institution

Panamajuin 2, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Ombuds Institution

Paraguaydécembre 2, 2005

New Specialised Institution

Peruseptembre 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Uruguaydécembre 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

National Human Rights Commission

Asia Pacific

Asie-Pacifique

PaysDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Australiadécembre 21, 2017

Commonwealth Ombudsman, with state and territory NPMs still to be designated.

Multiple Institutions

Cambodiamars 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee

Other: Inter-governmental Body

Maldivesfévrier 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

New Zealandmars 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

Multiple Institutions

Sri Lankadécembre 5, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

Europe

Europe

PaysDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Albaniaoctobre 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Ombuds Institution

Armeniaseptembre 14, 2006

Ombuds Institution

Austriadécembre 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Ombuds Institution

Azerbaijanjanvier 28, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Bulgariajuin 1, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Croatiaavril 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Ombuds Institution

Cyprusavril 29, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Czech Republicjuillet 10, 2006

Ombuds Institution

Denmarkjuin 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Ombuds Plus Institution

Estoniadécembre 18, 2006

Ombuds Institution

Finlandoctobre 8, 2014

Ombuds Institution

Francenovembre 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

New Specialised Institution

Georgiaaoût 9, 2005

Ombuds Institution

Germanydécembre 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

New Specialised Institution

Greecefévrier 11, 2014

Ombuds Institution

Hungaryjanvier 12, 2012

Ombuds Institution

Icelandfévrier 20, 2019

Ombuds Institution

Italyavril 3, 2013

New Specialised Institution

Kazakhstanoctobre 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Ombuds Plus Institution

Kyrgyzstandécembre 29, 2008

New Specialised Institution

Liechtensteinnovembre 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

New Specialised Institution

Lithuaniajanvier 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Ombuds Institution

Luxembourgmai 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Ombuds Institution

Maltaseptembre 24, 2003

Multiple Institutions

Moldovajuillet 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Ombuds Plus Institution

Montenegromars 6, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Netherlandsseptembre 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

Multiple Institutions

North Macedoniafévrier 13, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Norwayjuin 27, 2013

Ombuds Institution

Polandseptembre 14, 2005

Ombuds Institution

Portugaljanvier 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Ombuds Institution

Romaniajuillet 2, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Serbiaseptembre 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Ombuds Plus Institution

Sloveniajanvier 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Ombuds Plus Institution

Spainavril 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Swedenseptembre 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Ombuds Institution

Switzerlandseptembre 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

New Specialised Institution

Turkeyseptembre 27, 2011

National Human Rights Commission

Ukraineseptembre 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors.

Ombuds Plus Institution

United Kingdomdécembre 10, 2003

21 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

Multiple Institutions

Middle East & North Africa

Moyen-Orient & Afrique du Nord

PaysDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Lebanondécembre 22, 2008

National Commission for Human Rights

National Human Rights Commission

Mauritaniaoctobre 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

New Specialised Institution

Morocconovembre 24, 2014

National Human Rights Council (Conseil national des droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Tunisiajuin 29, 2011

New Specialised Institution