Global Status of ratifications, signatures and NPM designations Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture

90 States Parties, of which 71 have designated their NPM

12 States Signatories

Americas

Américas

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
ArgentinaNoviembre 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.

National Preventive System in Federal State

BoliviaMayo 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

BrazilEnero 12, 2007

National Preventive System in Federal State

ChileDiciembre 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Costa RicaDiciembre 1, 2005

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office(Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Ombuds Institution

EcuadorJulio 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

GuatemalaJunio 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

New Specialised Institution

HondurasMayo 23, 2006

New Specialised Institution

MexicoAbril 11, 2005

Ombuds Institution

NicaraguaFebrero 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Ombuds Institution

PanamaJunio 2, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Ombuds Institution

ParaguayDiciembre 2, 2005

New Specialised Institution

PeruSeptiembre 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

UruguayDiciembre 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

National Human Rights Commission

Asia Pacific

Asia-Pacífico

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
AustraliaDiciembre 21, 2017

Commonwealth Ombudsman, with state and territory NPMs still to be designated.

Multiple Institutions

CambodiaMarzo 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee

Other: Inter-governmental Body

MaldivesFebrero 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

New ZealandMarzo 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

Multiple Institutions

Sri LankaDiciembre 5, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

Europe

Europa

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
AlbaniaOctubre 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Ombuds Institution

ArmeniaSeptiembre 14, 2006

Ombuds Institution

AustriaDiciembre 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Ombuds Institution

AzerbaijanEnero 28, 2009

Ombuds Institution

BulgariaJunio 1, 2011

Ombuds Institution

CroatiaAbril 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Ombuds Institution

CyprusAbril 29, 2009

Ombuds Institution

Czech RepublicJulio 10, 2006

Ombuds Institution

DenmarkJunio 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Ombuds Plus Institution

EstoniaDiciembre 18, 2006

Ombuds Institution

FinlandOctubre 8, 2014

Ombuds Institution

FranceNoviembre 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

New Specialised Institution

GeorgiaAgosto 9, 2005

Ombuds Institution

GermanyDiciembre 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

New Specialised Institution

GreeceFebrero 11, 2014

Ombuds Institution

HungaryEnero 12, 2012

Ombuds Institution

IcelandFebrero 20, 2019

Ombuds Institution

ItalyAbril 3, 2013

New Specialised Institution

KazakhstanOctubre 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Ombuds Plus Institution

KyrgyzstanDiciembre 29, 2008

New Specialised Institution

LiechtensteinNoviembre 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

New Specialised Institution

LithuaniaEnero 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Ombuds Institution

LuxembourgMayo 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Ombuds Institution

MaltaSeptiembre 24, 2003

Multiple Institutions

MoldovaJulio 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Ombuds Plus Institution

MontenegroMarzo 6, 2009

Ombuds Institution

NetherlandsSeptiembre 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

Multiple Institutions

North MacedoniaFebrero 13, 2009

Ombuds Institution

NorwayJunio 27, 2013

Ombuds Institution

PolandSeptiembre 14, 2005

Ombuds Institution

PortugalEnero 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Ombuds Institution

RomaniaJulio 2, 2009

Ombuds Institution

SerbiaSeptiembre 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Ombuds Plus Institution

SloveniaEnero 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Ombuds Plus Institution

SpainAbril 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

SwedenSeptiembre 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Ombuds Institution

SwitzerlandSeptiembre 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

New Specialised Institution

TurkeySeptiembre 27, 2011

National Human Rights Commission

UkraineSeptiembre 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors.

Ombuds Plus Institution

United KingdomDiciembre 10, 2003

21 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

Multiple Institutions

Middle East & North Africa

Oriente Medio y África del Norte

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
LebanonDiciembre 22, 2008

National Commission for Human Rights

National Human Rights Commission

MauritaniaOctubre 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

New Specialised Institution

MoroccoNoviembre 24, 2014

National Human Rights Council (Conseil national des droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

TunisiaJunio 29, 2011

New Specialised Institution

Africa

África

PaísDate of ratificationNPM OptionsNPM Type
Burkina FasoJulio 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Cape VerdeAbril 1, 2016

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

MadagascarSeptiembre 21, 2017

National Human Rights Commission

MaliMayo 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

MauritiusJunio 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

MozambiqueJulio 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

NigeriaJulio 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

New Specialised Institution

RwandaJunio 30, 2015

National Human Rights Commission

SenegalOctubre 18, 2006

New Specialised Institution

South AfricaJunio 20, 2019

The South African Human Rights Commission to be joined, eventually, by other institutions following legislative reform.

Multiple institutions

TogoJulio 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission