Uruguay - OPCAT Situation

OPCAT Status

OPCAT ratification date
UNCAT ratification Date
NPM Type

National Human Rights Commission

NPM Designated

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)


Uruguay ratified the OPCAT in 2005. In December 2008, it established a new National Human Rights Institution which was granted also with the NPM mandate.Although the legislation entered into force in 2009, it was amended in 2011 and it is only in 2012 that the Members of the Board of the NHRI were appointed and started to work.

The Institution started to carry out some NPM activities in May 2013 but the NPM, established as a specialised unit within the National Human Rights Institution, started its operations only in December 2013.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Uruguay is available here.

NPM Structure

In December 2013, the National Human Rights Institution established a specialised unit with functional autonomy to perform the NPM mandate. The NPM developed a strategic planfor 2014-2016.

Annual reports

Every year, the National Human Rights Institution submits an annual report to the Parliament on the activities carried out in its capacity as NPM. All the reports are available on the NPM's website.