Netherlands - OPCAT Situation

OPCAT Status

OPCAT ratification date
UNCAT ratification Date
NPM Type

Multiple Institutions

NPM Designated

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

The Netherlands ratified the OPCAT in 2010 and designated six different institutions as NPM in December 2011. In January 2012, two institutions merged into the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which acts as the NPM coordinator. In addition, in 2014 the tasks of the Supervisory Commission on Repatriation were also merged with the IVenJ.

It has not been explored so far whether the OPCAT applies also to the Caribbean islands that are part of the Netherlands. As for now, the Dutch NPM has not carried out any visit in this area, and there was no mention of those islands during the appointment process.

The SPT carried out an advisory visit to the Dutch NPM in July 2015. The report to the State was made public.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for the Netherlands is available here.

NPM Structure

In its role as the coordinating body, the Inspectorate of Security and Justice  organises meetings amongst all Dutch NPM's institutions, in order to exchange information, discuss working methods, and prepare the annual report. 

In June 2012, the NPM coordinator organised an international conference on the synergy between the SPT, the CPT and the Dutch NPM (see Conference Report). 

Annual reports

The Dutch NPM annual report is compiled by the Coordinating Body, the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ). Annual reports may be available on their website.

Other Reports

Other reports, such as visit and thematic reports, may be available on the Inspectorate of Security and Justice's website.