Moldova - OPCAT Situation

OPCAT Status

OPCAT signature date
OPCAT ratification date
Uncat ratification Date
NPM Type

Ombuds Plus Institution

NPM Designated

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Moldova ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and established its National Preventive Mechanism in 2010. There was a lack of clarity about the nature of the National Preventive Mechanism as Moldova adopted a hybrid-type model: the National Centre for Human Rights was designated as the NPM, together with a Consultative Council.

In October 2012, Moldova received a SPT visit focusing on NPM issues. The authorities and the NPM received a separate SPT report in January 2013. Both the reports to the NPM and the State have been made public.

In April 2014 a new law on the Ombudsperson's Office was adopted and published in the Official Gazette in May 2014, including provisions on the NPM. In addition, the law establishes a Council for the Prevention of Torture (NPM), composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson, the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society. The Council is chaired by the Ombudsperson.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Moldova is available here.

NPM Structure

According to the new law on the Ombudsperson's Office adopted and published in the Official Gazette in May 2014, which includes provisions on the NPM, the NPM is the Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson, the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society. The Council is chaired by the Ombudsperson but is separated from the Ombudsperson's Office.

The Council for the Prevention of Torture is also supported by a special division within the Ombudsperson's Office.

Annual reports

Initially, the Centre for Human Rights (Ombuds Institution) published a separate NPM annual report.In 2014, the Centre for Human Rights included a section on the NPM activities in its annual report. The annual reports are available on the NPM's website.

 

Other Reports

Other reports, such as visit and thematic reports, may be available on the NPM’s website.