Montenegro - OPCAT Situation

OPCAT Status

OPCAT ratification date
OPCAT ratification comment

Rafitication with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT, Part III, NPM Designation

UNCAT ratification Date
NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

Montenegro ratified the OPCAT in 2009, with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT postponing the establishment of an NPM for three years.

In 2011, the Protector on Human Rights and Freedom (Ombudsperson’s Office) was designated as Montenegro’s NPM, through amendments to the Law on the Ombudsperson’s Office. The NPM started to be operational in 2013.

The Montenegro's NPM is also part of the South-East Europe (SEE) NPMNetwork, established in March 2013. In addition to the Montenegro's NPM, the SEE Network  also includes the NPMs of Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia,Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Montenegro is available here.

NPM Structure

An Advisory Body comprising experts from relevant fields was established to assist the Protector in the implementation of the OPCAT.

Annual reports

In 2014, the Ombuds Institution published its first annual report on the activities conducted as NPM in 2013. The following year, information on the NPM was included in the annual report of the Ombuds Institution. Annual reports are available on the NPM's website.

Other Reports

Other reports, such as visit and thematic reports, may be available on the NPM’s website.