Brazil - OPCAT Situation

OPCAT Status

OPCAT ratification date
UNCAT ratification Date
NPM Type

National Preventive System in Federal State

       LPM Framework

Green dot Alagoas:

  • LPM Legal Framework: Law n°7.141/2009 (December 2009)
  • LPM Type: New Specialised Institution
  • Designated NPM: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Green dot Rio de Janeiro:

Green dot Espirito Santo:

  • LPM Legal Framework: Law nº10.006 (April 2013)
  • LPM Type: New Specialised Institution
  • Designated NPM: StateMechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Green dot Paraíba: 

  • LPM Legal Framework: Law nº 9413 (July 2011
  • LPM Type: New Specialised Institution
  • Designated NPM: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Green dot Pernambuco:

  • LPM Legal Framework: Law nº 14.863 (December 2012)
  • LPM Type: New Specialised Institution
  • Designated NPM: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Green dot Rondonia:

yellow dot Minas Gerais:

  • LPM Legal Framework:  Law nº 21.164(17 January 2014)
  • LPM Type: -
  • Designated NPM: -

 yellow dot Maranhão:

  • LPM Legal Framework:  Law  10.334 (October 2015)
  • LPM Type: -
  • Designated NPM: -

 yellow dot Sergipe:

  • LPM Legal Framework:  Law 8.135 (13 July 2016)
  • LPM Type: -
  • Designated NPM: -

 yellow dot  Amapá: 

  • LPM Legal Framework: Law 2.226 (20 September 2017)
  • LPM Type: -
  • Designated NPM: -

 

LPM Type

 

 

Annual reports

The NPM publishes an annual report on the prevention of torture in Brazil, which includes an analysis of the situation at both the Federal and State levels, a summary of the work carried out by the NPM, and its recommendations to improve the situation.

Other Reports

The NPM drafts reports of the visits to places of detention within one month after the visit and present them to the National Committee to Prevent and Combat Torture, the General Attorney’s Office and to the detention authorities.