Torture is a grave crime against human dignity, and it can never be accepted. Even in situation of war, emergency or other threats to the stability of a State, torture and ill-treatment are always prohibited. The prohibition of torture is absolute and non-derogable at all times.
Torture and ill-treatment can take many forms: they can be physical or psychological and can result both from intentional acts (threats, beatings, rape, etc.) and omissions (such as the failure to provide a detainee with food or water). Treating a detainee humanely and with respect cannot be dependent on the material resources available in the State party.
States have a positive obligation to adequately secure the physical and psychological integrity and the well-being of all detainees. This responsibility includes a duty of care and the adoption of preventive measures to protect the most vulnerable detainees, as well as to reduce the risk of violence by other inmates.