News on Prevention

Brazil: Invisible behind bars - protecting LGBTI detainees
November 14, 2017
Brazil: APT calls on President to veto bill of law that dangerously broadens competence of military courts
October 16, 2017


The security and powers of the Torture Prevention Mechanism of the State of Pernambuco must be guaranteed
October 24, 2017
Regional Forum on the OPCAT in Latin America - Outcome Report
October 24, 2017
Realidades de los Mecanismos Nacionales de Prevención de la Tortura en América Latina
October 1, 2017
Recommendations on the prison system in the State of Maranhão (2014)
September 30, 2016
World Cup: Preventing torture in Rio de Janeiro
July 9, 2014

OPCAT Status

OPCAT Ratification : January 12, 2007
UNCAT Ratification : September 28, 1989
NPM Type :

National Preventive System in Federal State

NPM Legal Framework :

Law N° 12.847 (2 August 2013) - Portuguese version

Implementing Decree N° 8.154 (16 December 2013) - Portuguese version

Law N° 12.857 creating the NPM members' positions (2 September 2013) - Portuguese version

LPM Designated :

Alagoas: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Rio de Janeiro: Mechanism to Combat and Prevent Torture

Espirito Santo: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Paraíba: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Pernambuco: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Rondonia: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Minas Gerais: State Mechanism to Prevent Torture

LPM Type :

Alagoas: New Specialised Institution

Rio de Janeiro: New Specialised Institution

Espirito Santo: New Specialised Institution

Paraíba: New Specialised Institution

Pernambuco: New Specialised Institution

Rondonia: New Specialised Institution

LPM Legal framework :

Alagoas: Law n°7.141/2009 (December 2009)

Rio de Janeiro: Law n. 5778/2010 (30 June 2010)

Espirito Santo: Law nº10.006 (April 2013)

Paraíba: Law nº 9413 (July 2011)

Pernambuco: Law nº 14.863 (December 2012)

Rondonia: Law nº 3.262 (5 December 2013)

Minas Gerais: Law nº 21.164 (17 January 2014)


Population : 190 732 694
Area (sq km) : 8 511 965
Number of prisons : 1 795
Prison population : 494 237
Federal Structure : Brazil is divided into 26 States and one Federal District
Torture Laws compilation