Brazil

News on Prevention

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Brazil: Harnessing the potential of custody hearings
December 20, 2017
Bridging the gap between law and practice in the first hours of detention in Latin America
November 27, 2017

Resources

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Realidades de los Mecanismos Nacionales de Prevención de la Tortura en América Latina (2014)
February 5, 2018
Regional Forum on the OPCAT in Latin America - Outcome Report (2014)
February 5, 2018
Putting prevention into practice - OPCAT 10th anniversary booklet (2016)
February 5, 2018
Statement UPR Brazil (2012)
January 30, 2018
World Cup: Preventing torture in Rio de Janeiro (2014)
January 30, 2018

OPCAT Status

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OPCAT Ratification : January 12, 2007
UNCAT Ratification : September 28, 1989
NPM Type :

National Preventive System in Federal State

NPM Legal Framework :

Law N° 12.847 (2 August 2013) - Portuguese version

Implementing Decree N° 8.154 (16 December 2013) - Portuguese version

Law N° 12.857 creating the NPM members' positions (2 September 2013) - Portuguese version

LPM Designated :

Alagoas: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Rio de Janeiro: Mechanism to Combat and Prevent Torture

Espirito Santo: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Paraíba: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Pernambuco: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Rondonia: State Mechanism to Prevent and Combat Torture

Minas Gerais: State Mechanism to Prevent Torture

LPM Type :

Alagoas: New Specialised Institution

Rio de Janeiro: New Specialised Institution

Espirito Santo: New Specialised Institution

Paraíba: New Specialised Institution

Pernambuco: New Specialised Institution

Rondonia: New Specialised Institution

LPM Legal framework :

Alagoas: Law n°7.141/2009 (December 2009)

Rio de Janeiro: Law n. 5778/2010 (30 June 2010)

Espirito Santo: Law nº10.006 (April 2013)

Paraíba: Law nº 9413 (July 2011)

Pernambuco: Law nº 14.863 (December 2012)

Rondonia: Law nº 3.262 (5 December 2013)

Minas Gerais: Law nº 21.164 (17 January 2014)

Information

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Population : 190 732 694
Area (sq km) : 8 511 965
Number of prisons : 1 795
Prison population : 494 237
Federal Structure : Brazil is divided into 26 States and one Federal District
Torture Laws compilation