Visual timeline

Visual Timeline

Click on the image above to access a visual timeline of the history of the APT and the development of the OPCAT around the world.

 

Milestones

1912
Jean-Jacques Gautier is born in Chêne-Bougeries, Geneva.
1976
The “Gautier proposal” is published in La Vie Protestante.
1977
Jean-Jacques Gautier founds the Swiss Committee against Torture (CSCT).
1980
Costa Rica deposits a project for an Optional Protocol to the future UN Convention against Torture.
1982
The CSCT and the International Commission of Jurists presents a draft European Convention for the Prevention of Torture.
1984
The UN General Assembly adopts the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
1986
Jean-Jacques Gautier dies.
1987
The UN Convention against Torture obtains 20 ratifications and enters into force on 26 June 1987.
1987
The Council of Europe adopts the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture, creating the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) to conduct monitoring visits to places of detention.
1991
Costa Rica submits a second draft Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture.
1992
The Swiss Committee against Torture becomes the Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT).
2002
The General Assembly adopts the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT).
2002
The Robben Island Guidelines, adopted by the African Commission, becomes the first regional instrument for the prohibition and prevention of torture in Africa.
2006
The OPCAT enters into force, realizing the visionary idea of Jean-Jacques Gautier of an international agreement to prevent torture and ill-treatment in places of detention. The OPCAT breaks new ground by establishing a system of regular and unannounced visits to prisons, police cells and all other places of detention by both an international body and by national preventive mechanisms.
2011
APT’s Global Forum on the OPCAT gathers over 300 experts,  implementers and practitioners in the field of torture prevention from around the world to take stock on achievements so far and identify challenges ahead.