Moldova - OPCAT Situation
Moldova ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and established its National Preventive Mechanism in 2010. There was a lack of clarity about the nature of the National Preventive Mechanism as Moldova adopted a hybrid-type model: the National Centre for Human Rights was designated as the NPM, together with a Consultative Council.
In October 2012, Moldova received a SPT visit focusing on NPM issues. The authorities and the NPM received a separate SPT report in January 2013. Both the reports to the NPM and the State have been made public.
In April 2014 a new law on the Ombudsperson's Office was adopted and published in the Official Gazette in May 2014, including provisions on the NPM. The law establishes a Council for the Prevention of Torture (NPM), composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson, the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society. The Council is chaired by the Ombudsperson.
The SPT member Marija Definis-Gojanovic is the SPT Focal Point for Moldova.
Keywords: SPT Advisory Visits on NPMs