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Albania - OPCAT Situation

Updated 18.07.2017

Albania ratified the OPCAT in 2003 and established its NPM five years later, in 2008, within the Ombuds Institution (People's Advocate), through amendments to the existing legislation.

A specific unit was created within the existing institution to perform the NPM mandate. It started its operations in 2008.

The SPT member Zdenka Perović is the SPT Focal Point for Albania.



Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification October 1, 2003
UNCAT Ratification May 11, 1994
NPM Designated

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Articles 36 and 74 (1-3), Law N° 9888 (10 March 2008), Unofficial Translation.

See also People's Advocate Legal Basis (Law N° 8454 of 4 February 1999 as amended) and OPCAT Ratification Bill (Albanian)

Population 3 038 594
Area (sq km) 28 748
Number of prisons 22
Prison population 6 108
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Albania (12 January 2009)

CCPR: Concluding observations (August 2013)

CAT: Concluding observations (May 2012)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (July 2014)

CPT: Visit Report (February 2014) and latest visit in February 2017 (news flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Visit report (2013)