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Costa Rica - OPCAT Situation

Updated 20.07.2017

Costa Rica ratified the OPCAT in 2005 and designated its Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoria de los Habitantes) as NPM in 2007 by Presidential Decree. In February 2014, the NPM mandate was enshrined in law, through the adoption of the NPM Law N° 9204, published in the official Gazette N° 42 of 28 February 2014. In July 2015, a decree was adopted to regulate the NPM Law.

The Ombudsperson's Office established a separate NPM Unit, currently composed of one Director and two staff. The NPM started its operations in

The SPT member Roberto Michel Fehér Pérez is the SPT Focal Point for Costa Rica.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification December 1, 2005
UNCAT Ratification November 11, 1993
NPM Designated

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría de los Habitantes)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

The Ombudsperson's Office was initially designated as NPM through      Presidential Decree N° 33568 (13 December 2006). Later, a specific legislation was adopted, NPM Law N° 9204 (18 February 2014)

Decree regulating the NPM Law N° 9204, Decree N° 39062-MJP (16 July 2015)

Population 4 755 234
Area (sq km) 51 100
Number of prisons 30
Prison population 17 148
Special juvenile establishments 3
Quick links

UPR: Report of the Working Group (July 2014)

CAT: Concluding Observations (July 2008)