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Bolivia - OPCAT Situation

Updated 16.05.2017

Bolivia ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and in December 2013 it adopted a national legislation establishing the Service for the Prevention of Torture, a body attached to the Ministry of Justice, to perform the NPM mandate. The NPM started to be operational in July 2016.

The SPT visited Bolivia in September 2010 and carried out a second visit in May 2017. The report of the first visit is still confidential.

The SPT member Maria Dolores Gómez is the SPT Focal Point for Bolivia.


Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification May 23, 2006
UNCAT Ratification April 12, 1999
NPM Designated

Service for the Prevention of Torture

NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N° 474 (30 December 2013)

Decree N° 2082 implementing the NPM Law (20 August 2014)

Population 10 969 649
Area (sq km) 1 098 581
Number of prisons 54
Prison population 13 468
Quick links

UPR: Report of the Working Group (December 2014)

CAT: Concluding observations (June 2013) 

CCPR: Concluding Observations (December 2013)

IACHR: Follow-up report on access to justice and social inclusion in Bolivia (August 2009) 

SPT: Visits in August - September 2010 (press release) and in May 2017 (press release). The visit reports have not been made public yet.

Communication to the SPT: Official correspondence from Bolivia (31 March 2009) - Annex 1; Annex 2; Annex 3 ; Annex 4