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Bolivia - OPCAT Situation

Updated 26.09.2016

Bolivia ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and in December 2013 it adopted a national legislation establishing the Service for the Prevention of Torture, a body attached to the Ministry of Justice, to perform the NPM mandate.

Although the NPM has recently started to be operational, the possibility to designate the Ombuds Institution as NPM is currently being considered. The Ombuds Institution filed a proposal to expand its functions to include the NPM mandate. The proposal was approved by the Chamber of Deputies in August 2016 and is pending review by the Senate.

The SPT visited Bolivia in September 2010 and the government sent a reply to the SPT almost a year later. Both documents are still confidential.

The SPT member Maria Margarida Pressburger is the SPT Focal Point for Bolivia.


Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification May 23, 2006
UNCAT Ratification April 12, 1999
NPM Designated

Service for the Prevention of Torture

NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N° 474 (30 December 2013)

Decree N° 2082 implementing the NPM Law (20 August 2014)

Population 10 969 649
Area (sq km) 1 098 581
Number of prisons 54
Prison population 13 468
Quick links

UPR: Report of the Working Group (December 2014)

CAT: Concluding observations (June 2013) 

CCPR: Concluding Observations (December 2013)

IACHR: Follow-up report on access to justice and social inclusion in Bolivia (August 2009) 

SPT: Visit in August - September 2010. The Report and the response from the government have not been made public yet.

Communication to the SPT: Official correspondence from Bolivia (31 March 2009) - Annex 1; Annex 2; Annex 3 ; Annex 4