Argentina - OPCAT Situation
Argentina was the first State in Latin America to ratify the OPCAT in 2004. Argentina was required to create an NPM by June 2007, one year after the entry into force of the OPCAT. The national legislation establishing a national system of prevention was only approved in November 2012 and came into force in January 2013.
The NPM legislation is the result of transparent and participatory national discussions and is based on a proposal made by a network of human rights organisations. Some amendments were brought to the initial draft bill by the Senate in November 2012.
OPCAT implementation has already started at the provincial level: five provinces (Chaco, Mendoza, Río Negro, Salta, and Tucumán) have adopted laws to create local preventive mechanisms, while others (Santa Fe, Neuquén and Buenos Aires provinces) are in the process of debating such laws. In June 2012, the members of the Chaco local preventive mechanism were sworn in, giving birth to the first local mechanism to prevent torture in Argentina.
The SPT visited Argentina in 2012 and the report was sent to the authorities in December of the same year. It has not been made public yet.
The SPT member Emilio Ginés Santidrian is the SPT Focal Point for Argentina.
Keywords: SPT In-Country Visits