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Benin - OPCAT Situation

Updated 14.10.2015

Benin was one of the first states in Africa to ratify the OPCAT, in September 2006. Since then, discussions have been ongoing on the establishment of the NPM.

In 2012, the Parliament adopted a new Criminal Procedure Code providing (article 808 paragraph 2) for visits to places of deprivation of liberty by external bodies, which will be the principle for the establishment of the future NPM. In 2014, during a meeting on NPM in Francophone Africa organised by the SPT and the OIF, the Benin Government representative declared that there was a consensus to create the NPM by means of Presidential Decree implementing the provision of the Criminal Procedure Code. However, the decree is still pending.

The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture visited Benin in 2007 and Benin is the first State Party in Africa that authorised the publication of both the SPT in-country visit report as well as the governmental responses to the SPT recommendations.

The SPT member Radhia Nasraoui is the SPT Focal Point for Benin.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification September 20, 2006
UNCAT Ratification March 12, 1992
NPM Designated

Under Consideration

Information
Population 10 448 647
Area (sq km) 112 622
Number of prisons 9
Prison population 7 247
Quick links

SPT: Report (May 2008) and Response from the State (March 2011)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (December 2012)

CAT: Concluding observations (February 2008)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights: Periodic Report (2000-2008)