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Sweden - OPCAT Situation

Updated 03.12.2015

Sweden ratified the OPCAT in 2005. The OPCAT Ratification Bill included the designation of two existing institutions as Sweden’s NPM: the Parliamentary Ombudsmen and the Chancellor of Justice. However, only the Office of the Parliamentary Ombudsmen has been performing the mandate since 2011.

In 2011, the Parliamentary Ombudsmen’s Act was amended and a specific unit was established within the institution. The Parliamentary Ombudsmen was allocated additional resources to perform its new tasks as NPM.

The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture visited Sweden in 2007 and the report has been made public, as well as the governmental response.

The SPT member Margarete Osterfeld is the SPT Focal Point for Sweden.


Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification September 14, 2005
UNCAT Ratification January 8, 1986
NPM Designated

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

OPCAT Ratification Bill (2004/05:107) and Amendments to the Act with Instructions to Parliamentary Ombudsmen (§5 a, 01 July 2011)

Population 9 723 809
Area (sq km) 450 295
Number of prisons 79
Prison population 5 525
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Sweden (21 June 2007)

SPT Visit: Report (September 2008) and Response from authorities (January 2009)

CAT: Concluding Observations (Advance unedited version - November 2014)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (June 2010)

CPT: Visit Report (May 2015)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (2004)