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Spain - OPCAT Situation

Updated 08.08.2017

Spain ratified the OPCAT in 2006. Three years later the Ombudsperson’s Office was designated as NPM, through a reform of the organic law 3/1081 of the Ombudsperson’s Office.

A specific NPM unit was established within the institution to perform the NPM function and an Advisory Council was established in 2013.

The SPT member Abdellah Ounnir is the SPT Focal Point for Spain.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification April 4, 2006
UNCAT Ratification October 21, 1987
SPT Member Mr Emilio Ginés Santidrian (2009-2014;2015-2018)
NPM Designated

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Organic Law N°1/2009 (3 November 2009), Final Disposition designating the Ombudsperson's Office as NPM.

Population 48 146 134
Area (sq km) 505 370
Number of prisons 82
Prison population 65 581
Federal Structure Spain is not a federal State but has a significantly decentralised structure. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities.
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Spain (3 November 2008)

CAT: Concluding Observations (2015) - Spanish unedited version

CCPR: Concluding Observations (July 2015) - Spanish unedited version

UPR: Report of the Working Group (April 2015)

CPT: Visit Report (July 2014) and monitoring of return flight in February 2016 (Report). Latest visit in September-October 2016 (News Flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (2013)