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Romania - OPCAT Situation

Updated 20.07.2017

Romania became a state party to the OPCAT in 2009 and made a declaration under Article 24, postponing the implementation of its national obligations to establish a NPM for three years. Following a request made to the Committee against Torture, Romania was authorised to further delay the designation of its NPM for an additional two-year period. Romania was the first State Party to the OPCAT that used this procedure to extend the initial three year postponement to establish the NPM.

The legislative process to designate the Romanian ombudsman as NPM was completed on 6th January 2015, when the Parliament adopted a law approving the Government Ordonnance designating the People's Advocate as the Romanian NPM and amending its founding legislation accordingly.

The SPT member Aisha Shujune Muhammad is the SPT Focal Point for Romania.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification July 2, 2009
OPCAT Ratification comment

OPCAT Ratification Bill, with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT (Part IV).

UNCAT Ratification December 18, 1990
NPM Designated

The People's Advocate

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N°181 amending the People's Advocate Law (published in the Official Gazette N°6 of 6 January 2015)

Government Ordonnance N°48 (published in the Official Gazette N°485 of 30 June 2014)

Population 22 303 552
Area (sq km) 237 500
Number of prisons 45
Prison population 28 188
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Romania (19 February 2015) and previous correspondence (17 May 2010)

CAT: Decision on NPM designation's postponement (23 November 2013)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (May 2008)

CPT: Report (June 2014) and Government's Response.

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Follow-up Report (2006)