Home Resources OPCAT Database Belgium OPCAT Situation

Belgium - OPCAT Situation

Updated 19.07.2013

Belgium signed the OPCAT in October 2005 and discussions have been ongoing since then regarding the ratification of the instrument.

Discussions have also taken place on the possible NPM structure and various options have emerged, including establishing a new National Human Rights Institution (which mandate would also encompass the NPM functions) or designating the existing Federal Ombudsperson's Office, provided changes would be made to its mandate.

Opcat status
OPCAT Signature October 24, 2005
UNCAT Ratification June 25, 1999
NPM Designated

Under Consideration

Population 10 379 067
Area (sq km) 30 528
Number of prisons 33
Prison population 10 159
Federal Structure Belgium is divided into three regions and three communities.
Quick links

UPRReport of the Working Group (July 2011)

CPT: Visit Report (September-October 2013). Report of ad-hoc visit in May 2016. Latest visit in March-April 2017 (News Flash)

CAT: Concluding Observations (January 2014)