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Nicaragua - OPCAT Situation

Updated 08.08.2017

Nicaragua ratified the OPCAT in 2009, after the approval of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the National Assembly. Three years later, in 2012, the Ombudsperson’s office was designated as Nicaragua’s NPM through a presidential agreement.

The SPT conducted a country visit to Nicaragua in May 2014 and will send a confidential report to the authorities.

The SPT member Maria Dolores Gómez is the SPT Focal Point for Nicaragua.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification February 25, 2009
UNCAT Ratification July 5, 2005
NPM Designated

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Presidential Agreement N° 04-2012 (16 January 2012)

Founding legislation of the Ombudsperson's Office (December 1995)

Population 5 848 641
Area (sq km) 130 370
Number of prisons 8
Prison population 9 168
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official correspondence from Nicaragua (10 July 2012)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (July 2014)

SPT: Country Visit (May 2014) - Press release

CAT: Concluding Observations (May 2009)