Netherlands - OPCAT Situation
The Netherlands ratified the OPCAT in 2010 and designated six different institutions as NPM in December 2011. In January 2012, two institutions merged into the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which acts as the NPM coordinator. In addition, in 2014 the tasks of the Supervisory Commission on Repatriation were also merged with the IVenJ.
It has not been explored so far whether the OPCAT applies also to the Caribbean islands that are part of the Netherlands. As for now, the Dutch NPM has not carried out any visit in this area, and there was no mention of those islands during the appointment process.
The SPT carried out an advisory visit to the Dutch NPM from 28 to 31 July 2015.
The SPT member Margarete Osterfeld is the SPT Focal Point for the Netherlands.
September 28, 2010
December 21, 1988
4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).
16 877 351
Area (sq km)
Number of prisons
Number of therapeutic establishments
Number of Detention Places for Migrants
Special juvenile establishments
Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from the Netherlands (23 April 2012)
SPT: NPM Advisory Visit (July 2015) - Report to the State
CAT: Concluding Observations (June 2013)
UPR: Report of the Working Group (July 2012)
CPT: Visit report (May 2016) and latest report on the visit to the Caribbean part of the Netherlands (May 2014)