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Azerbaijan - OPCAT Situation

Updated 15.02.2017

Azerbaijan ratified the OPCAT in January 2009 and the same month, it designated its Ombuds Institution (Commissioner for Human Rights) as NPM by means of presidential decree. Amendments to the legislation of the Ombuds Institution were later adopted in December 2010 to provide the institution with a legal basis for its NPM work.

The Azeri NPM started its operations as soon as 2009 and a specific unit was later established within the institution to conduct visits to places of detention.

The SPT conducted a visit to Azerbaijan in September 2014. The visit was suspended due to obstructions. The SPT could resume the visit in April 2015. The report has not been made public yet.

The SPT member Aisha Shujune Muhammad is the SPT Focal Point for Azerbaijan.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification January 28, 2009
UNCAT Ratification August 16, 1996
NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Presidential Decree n°112 (13 January 2009) - Unofficial translation

Consitutional Law on Commissioner for Human Rights - Unofficial translation

Population 9 872 765
Area (sq km) 86 600
Number of prisons 53
Prison population 22 526
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Azerbaijan (10 June 2009)

SPT: Visit (September 2014) - Press release and resumed visit (April 2015) - Press release

CAT: Concluding Observations (January 2016)

CCPR: Concluding Observations (November 2016)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (July 2013)

CPT: Report (December 2008) and latest visit in March-April 2016 (news flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (May 2013)