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Malta - OPCAT Situation

Updated 07.08.2017

Although Malta ratified the OPCAT in 2003, the NPM was only established in 2007. Two Boards were appointed for this purpose: the Board of Visitors for the Prisons and the Board of Visitors for Detained Persons. The two Boards have distinct Regulations and discussions have been ongoing for years about the possibility to gather the two institutions. 

The SPT member Kosta Mitrovic is the SPT Focal Point for Malta.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification September 24, 2003
UNCAT Ratification September 13, 1990
NPM Type

Multiple Institutions

NPM Legal Framework

Regulation of the Board of Visitors for Detained Persons (18 September 2007)

Prison Regulations (Part IV on the Board of Visitors for the Prisons, 1 October 1999, amended in 2007)

Population 400 214
Area (sq km) 316
Number of prisons 1
Prison population 583
Number of therapeutic establishments 1
Number of Detention Places for Migrants 3
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Malta (29 October 2008)

CCPR: Concluding Observations (Advance Unedited Version - October 2014)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (December 2013)

UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention: Report (January 2009)

CPT: Report (September 2011) and latest visit in September 2015 (news flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (2011)