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Maldives - OPCAT Situation

Updated 07.08.2017

Shortly after the ratification of the OPCAT in 2006, Maldives appointed the National Human Rights Commission as its NPM in 2007 through the means of a presidential decree. A specific NPM unit was established within the Commission, with dedicated staff and budget.

In December 2013, after its ratification by the President of the Maldives, the Anti-Torture Act was published in the official Gazette, based on international human rights treaties, including the UN Convention against Torture and its Optional Protocol, and combining all aspects of prevention and prohibition of torture. The Anti-Torture Act, in its article 44(c), also officially designates the Commission as the NPM and makes it a legislative body.

The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture visited the Maldives in December 2007 and in December 2014. Only the report of the first visit in 2007 was made public.

The SPT member Marija Definis-Gojanovic is the SPT Focal Point for the Maldives.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification February 15, 2006
UNCAT Ratification April 20, 2004
SPT Member Ms Aisha Shujune Muhammad (2011-2014; 2015-2018)
NPM Type

National Human Rights Commission

NPM Legal Framework

Article 44(c) of Anti-Torture Act, (23 December 2013). National Human Rights Commission Act (2004).

Population 393 988
Area (sq km) 298
Number of prisons 6
Prison population 994
Quick links

SPT Visit: Report on the Maldives (2007) and Follow-up visit - Press release (December 2014)

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from the Maldives (15 November 2007)

UPR: Draft Report of the Working Group (November 2010)