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Italy - OPCAT Situation

Updated 29.05.2016

Italy ratified the OPCAT in April 2013. In February 2014, Italy established by law a new specialised institution as the NPM, the National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons detained or deprived of personal liberty, which coordinates the Local Authorities for the rights of persons deprived of liberty at regional and city levels. 

In March 2015, a specific regulation drafted by the Ministry of Justice to implement the law was published in the Official Gazette. The selection process of the three members of the National Authority for the rights of persons deprived of liberty was finalised in March 2016. The NPM started to be operational in April 2016.

The SPT carried out a visit to Italy from 16 to 22 September 2015. The visit report has not been made public.

The SPT member Aneta Stanchevska is the SPT Focal Point for Italy.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification April 3, 2013
UNCAT Ratification January 12, 1989
NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N°10 of 21 February 2014 (Article 7) - Italian version

Law N° 208 of 28 December 2015 amending Article 7 of Law N°10 (21 February 2014) - Italian version

Implementing regulation N°36 (31 March 2015) - Italian version

Population 61 855 120
Area (sq km) 301 340
Number of prisons 193
Prison population 53 725
Special juvenile establishments 17
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official correspondence from Italy (25 April 2014)

SPT: Visit (September 2015) - Press release

CAT: Concluding Observations (May 2007)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (February 2010)

CPT: Report (May 2012) and monitoring of return flight in December 2015 (Report). Latest visit in April 2016 (News Flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (July 2012)