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Italy - OPCAT Situation

Updated 08.06.2017

Italy ratified the OPCAT in April 2013. In February 2014, Italy established by law a new specialised institution as the NPM, the National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons detained or deprived of personal liberty, which coordinates the Local Authorities for the rights of persons deprived of liberty at regional and city levels. 

In March 2015, a specific regulation drafted by the Ministry of Justice to implement the law was published in the Official Gazette. The selection process of the three members of the National Authority for the rights of persons deprived of liberty was finalised in March 2016. The NPM started to be operational in March-April 2016.

The SPT carried out a visit to Italy from 16 to 22 September 2015. The visit report has been made public.

The SPT member Aneta Stanchevska is the SPT Focal Point for Italy.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification April 3, 2013
UNCAT Ratification January 12, 1989
NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N°10 of 21 February 2014 (Article 7) - Italian version

Law N° 208 of 28 December 2015 amending Article 7 of Law N°10 (21 February 2014) - Italian version

Implementing regulation N°36 (31 March 2015) - Italian version

Population 62 007 540
Area (sq km) 301 340
Number of prisons 190
Prison population 56 436
Special juvenile establishments 19
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official correspondence from Italy (25 April 2014)

SPT: Visit Report (September 2015)

CCPR: Concluding observations (May 2017)

CAT: Concluding Observations (May 2007)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (December 2014)

CPT: Report (May 2012) and monitoring of return flight in December 2015 (Report). Latest visit in June 2017 (News Flash)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (July 2012)