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Estonia - OPCAT Situation

Updated 17.05.2017

Estonia ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and designated its Ombudsperson's Office (Office of the Chancellor of Justice) as NPM. The Chancellor of Justice started its operations as NPM in 2007.

In addition to its NPM mandate, the Chancellor of Justice is also performing the duties of Ombudsman and Constitutional Review.

Both the Committee against Torture (2007) and the Human Rights Committee (2010) expressed concerns regarding the compliance of the Chancellor of Justice with the Paris Principles.

The SPT member Margarete Osterfeld is the SPT Focal Point for Estonia.

Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification December 18, 2006
UNCAT Ratification October 21, 1991
SPT Member Ms Mari Amos (2011-2018)
NPM Designated

Chancellor of Justice

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Chancellor of Justice Act (as amended in 2007)

Population 1 257 921
Area (sq km) 45 228
Number of prisons 4
Prison population 3 110
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Estonia (8 February 2008)

CAT: Concluding Observations (June 2013)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (March 2011)

CCPR: Concluding Observations (August 2010)

CPT: Report (May-June 2012)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Report (2007)