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Armenia - OPCAT Situation

Updated 15.02.2017

Armenia ratified the OPCAT in September 2006 and designated its Ombuds Institution (Human Rights Defender's Office) in 2008, through an amendment to the legislation establishing the Ombuds Institution.

The Armenian NPM started its operations shortly after designation and established an Expert Council for the Prevention of Torture with independent experts, including representatives from civil society organisations. In 2011, a new department was established within the Ombuds Institution to carry out the NPM functions.

After the new Constitution of the Republic of Armenia was adopted in December 2015, a constitutional law on the Human Rights Defender was drafted, also clarifying the mandate of the Ombuds Institution as NPM. The draft law is currently being considered by the Parliament.

The SPT conducted an NPM advisory visit to Armenia in September 2013. The SPT reports to the State and to the NPM have been made public, as well as the replies from the State and the NPM.

The SPT member Victor Zaharia is the SPT Focal Point for Armenia.



Opcat status
OPCAT Ratification September 14, 2006
UNCAT Ratification September 13, 1993
SPT Member Mr Arman Danielyan (2011-2018)
NPM Designated

Human Rights Defender

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Article 6(1), (Unofficial translation), Amendment to the Law on the Human Rights Defender's Office, (8 April 2008);

Resolution of the National Assembly ratifying the OPCAT (Unoffficial translation)


Population 3 051 250
Area (sq km) 29 743
Number of prisons 11
Prison population 4 873
Quick links

Communication to the SPT: Official Correspondence from Armenia (8 February 2012)

SPT: NPM Advisory Visit (September 2013). Report to the NPM and NPM's reply. Report to the State and State's reply.

CAT: Concluding Observations (December 2016)

UPR: Report of the Working Group (April 2015)

CPT: Visit report (October 2015)

Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe): Visit report (October 2014)