Home OPCAT OPCAT Database List of Designated NPM By type

List of Designated NPM by type

There are currently 81 States Parties to the OPCAT, of which 64 States have designated their NPM

Multiple Institutions


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Malta September 24, 2003

Two Boards:

- Board of Visitors for Detained Persons

- Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Netherlands September 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

New Zealand March 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

United Kingdom December 10, 2003

20 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

National Human Rights Commission


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Chile December 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

Maldives February 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

Mali May 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

Mauritius June 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

Mozambique July 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

Togo July 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

Turkey September 27, 2011

National Human Rights Institution

Uruguay December 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

National Preventive System in Federal State


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Argentina November 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.
Brazil January 12, 2007

National System to Prevent and Combat Torture

New Specialised Institution


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Bolivia May 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

Burkina Faso July 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

France November 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

Germany December 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

Guatemala June 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

Honduras May 23, 2006

National Committee for the Prevention Against Torture (CONAPREV)

Italy April 3, 2013

National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons deprived of liberty

Kyrgyzstan December 29, 2008

National Center for the Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Liechtenstein November 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

Mauritania October 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

Nigeria July 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

Paraguay December 2, 2005

National Preventive Mechanism against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Senegal October 18, 2006

National Observer of Places of Deprivation of Liberty

Switzerland September 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

Tunisia June 29, 2011

National Authority for the Prevention of Torture

 

Ombuds Institution


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Albania October 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Austria December 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Azerbaijan January 28, 2009

Commissioner for Human Rights

Bulgaria June 1, 2011

Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria

Costa Rica December 1, 2005

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Cyprus April 29, 2009

Commissioner for Administration and Human Rights

Czech Republic July 10, 2006

Public Defender of Rights

Ecuador July 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Estonia December 18, 2006

Chancellor of Justice

Finland October 8, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office

Georgia August 9, 2005

Public Defender

Greece February 11, 2014

Ombudsperson's Office

Hungary January 12, 2012

Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

Lithuania January 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Luxembourg May 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of February 13, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office

Mexico April 11, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Tercera Visitaduría)

Montenegro March 6, 2009

Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms

Nicaragua February 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Norway June 27, 2013

Parliamentary Ombudsman

Peru September 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Poland September 14, 2005

Commissioner for Human Rights

Portugal January 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Romania July 2, 2009

The People's Advocate

Spain April 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Sweden September 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Ombuds Plus Institution


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Armenia September 14, 2006

Human Rights Defender, in cooperation with an Expert Council with representatives from civil society organisations

Croatia April 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Denmark June 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Kazakhstan October 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Moldova July 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Serbia September 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Slovenia January 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Ukraine September 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors (website of public monitors).

Other: Inter-governmental Body


Country Ratification Date NPM Options
Cambodia March 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee